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Syntax error in Keyword Search code

  1. #1
    bsegge is offline Novice
    Windows 8 Access 2013 64bit
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    Syntax error in Keyword Search code

    Hello,

    I am trying to create a button that will filter data in a subform to match what is written in a text box. I am using the following code:
    "
    Private Sub cmdSearchPrice_Click()
    Dim SQL As String

    SQL = "SELECT [Price].[ID], [Price].[CodeName], [Price].[PricingType], [Price].[PricingDate], [Price].[Price] " _
    & "FROM Price " _
    & "WHERE [CodeName] LIKE '*" & Me.txtCodeName & "*' " _
    & "WHERE [PricingDate] LIKE '*" & Me.txtPriceDate & "*' " _
    & "ORDER BY [Price].[CodeName] ; "

    Me.subPrice.Form.RecordSource = SQL



    End Sub
    "
    The code works when I do not have the second "WHERE... line. When I add that line to refine the search to include date, it gives the following error:
    "
    Run-time error '3075':
    Syntax error (missing operator) in query expression '[CodeName] LIKE '**' WHERE [PricingDate] LIKE '**"
    "

    I am teaching myself VBA and am very new to this, so please and thanks for any help!

    -Brian

  2. #2
    Bob Fitz is online now Access Developer
    Windows 7 32bit Access 2013
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    Try replacing the second "WHERE" with "AND" or "OR"
    If this helped, please click the star at the bottom left of this posting and add to my reputation. Many thanks.
    Not everyone can access an accdb, you may reach a broader audience by attaching in mdb format.

    Bob Fitzpatrick

    I have never failed. I have found a thousand ways that do not work!

    Microsoft Community Contributor Award (2011)



  3. #3
    aytee111 is offline Competent At Times
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    This is how you learn!

    Do you know how to debug?

    Add a line after the SQL string:
    Debug.Print SQL
    (SQL may be reserved in Access, to be safe change it to "strSQL" or something like that)

    The SQL statement will show up in the Immediate window of the VBA editor. Copy it and paste it into a new query. Try and run the query, see if it works.

    Once you have the query working you will know what changes to make to the string here.

  4. #4
    orange's Avatar
    orange is online now Moderator
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    For details on SELECT query SQL

    Only 1 WHERE in the basic Select as Bob said.

    "OR" ===> any condition is true

    "AND" ===> all conditions must be true.

  5. #5
    bsegge is offline Novice
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    Awesome! Thanks, I no longer get an error.

    However, now when I type anything into either text box, there are no values that are filtered/returned.

    For reference, this is what my code now looks like:

    Private Sub cmdSearchPrice_Click()
    Dim SQL As String

    SQL = "SELECT [Price].[ID], [Price].[CodeName], [Price].[PricingType], [Price].[PricingDate], [Price].[Price] " _
    & "FROM Price " _
    & "WHERE [CodeName] LIKE '*" & Me.txtCodeName & "*' AND [PricingDate] LIKE '*" & Me.txtPriceDate & "*' " _
    & "ORDER BY [Price].[CodeName] ; "

    Me.subPrice.Form.RecordSource = SQL

    End Sub

  6. #6
    orange's Avatar
    orange is online now Moderator
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    Replace the AND with OR and try again.

    ??? Is PricingDate a Date/Time data type in the table?

  7. #7
    bsegge is offline Novice
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    Yes, PricingDate is a Date/Time data type

  8. #8
    Missinglinq's Avatar
    Missinglinq is online now VIP
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    The Like operator only compares Strings...not Numbers or Dates...which makes sense if you think about it! How is one number 'like' another number? Or one date 'like' another date?

    You might try using the Conversion Function, CStr() against the DateTime Field to convert it to a String and see if Access will then use Like...but once again...how is one date 'like' another date?

    Linq ;0)>
    The problem with making anything foolproof...is that fools are so darn ingenious!

    All posts/responses based on Access 2003/2007

  9. #9
    ssanfu is offline Master of Nothing
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    Or how about:
    Code:
    Private Sub cmdSearchPrice_Click()
      Dim SQL As String
    
      SQL = "SELECT [Price].[ID], [Price].[CodeName], [Price].[PricingType], [Price].[PricingDate], [Price].[Price] " _
          & "FROM Price " _
          & "WHERE [CodeName] LIKE '*" & Me.txtCodeName & "*' AND [PricingDate] = #" & Me.txtPriceDate & "#" _
          & "ORDER BY [Price].[CodeName] ; "
    
      Me.subPrice.Form.RecordSource = SQL
    
    End Sub
    HTH
    -----
    Steve
    --------------------------------
    "Veni, Vidi, Velcro"
    (I came; I saw; I stuck around.)

  10. #10
    bsegge is offline Novice
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    Steve,

    Thanks for your assistance! This is what my code now looks like:

    Private Sub cmdSearchPrice_Click()
    Dim SQL As String

    SQL = "SELECT [Price].[ID], [Price].[CodeName], [Price].[PricingType], [Price].[PricingDate], [Price].[Price] " _
    & "FROM Price " _
    & "WHERE [CodeName] LIKE '*" & Me.txtCodeName & "*'" _
    & "AND [PricingDate] = #" & Me.txtPriceDate & "# " _
    & "ORDER BY [Price].[CodeName] ; "

    Me.subPrice.Form.RecordSource = SQL

    End Sub


    However, I'm getting the syntax error again:

    Run-time error '3075':
    Syntax error in date in query expression '[CodeName] LIKE '**'AND [PricingDate] =#'


    Any idea what the issue could be?

  11. #11
    ssanfu is offline Master of Nothing
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    I would add a line "Debug.Print SQL" and set a breakpoint on the "Me.subPrice.Form.RecordSource = SQL" line.
    Look at the immediate window to see if the SQL is properly formed.

    Did you know that "SQL" is a reserved 'word' in Access and shouldn't be used for object names? (Maybe use "strSQL" or "sSQL")


    Looking at the error message, it looks like you are missing a space in front of the "AND".


    This is how I would create the string:
    Code:
    Private Sub cmdSearchPrice_Click()
      Dim sSQL As String
    
      sSQL = "SELECT [Price].[ID], [Price].[CodeName], [Price].[PricingType], [Price].[PricingDate], [Price].[Price]"
      sSQL = sSQL & " FROM Price" 
      sSQL = sSQL & " WHERE [CodeName] LIKE '*" & Me.txtCodeName & "*'"
      sSQL = sSQL & " AND [PricingDate] = #" & Me.txtPriceDate & "#"
      sSQL = sSQL & " ORDER BY [Price].[CodeName];"
    
      '  Debug.Print sSQL
    
      Me.subPrice.Form.RecordSource = SQL
    
    End Sub
    I add the separating space at the beginning of each part, with no space at the end.
    HTH
    -----
    Steve
    --------------------------------
    "Veni, Vidi, Velcro"
    (I came; I saw; I stuck around.)

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